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# Tire Knowledge

Wheel Alignment

All you need to know

Fast facts

Wheel Alignment

  • Wheel alignment helps tires last longer, improves handling and saves fuel. 
  • You may need an alignment if your tires wear unevenly, your car pulls to one side, the steering wheel is not straight or you feel strange vibrations.
  • Adjusting alignment means putting tires in the right position to roll well on the road.
  • Checking alignment often helps you avoid extensive costs, keeps your car safe and helps the environment.

Wheel alignment, a critical aspect of vehicle maintenance, ensures that your car’s wheels are set in the optimum position as specified by the manufacturer. Proper alignment not only extends tire life and improves handling but also increases fuel efficiency. To achieve the ideal tire orientation on the road, the process involves adjusting tire angles, including camber, toe and caster.

Signs You Need an Alignment

It's important to know when your vehicle needs its wheels aligning to maintain optimal performance. Common indicators include:

  • Uneven or rapid tire wear,
  • The vehicle pulling to one side, or
  • The steering wheel is off-center when driving straight.

Additionally, an unusual vibration in the steering wheel may also indicate alignment problems.

Wheel alignment of a vehicle

Alignment adjustments and their impact

Adjusting the camber, toe and caster during an alignment affects not only the driving experience but also the environmental footprint. Proper alignment, as performed by certified experts, reduces rolling resistance, which can lower fuel consumption and reduce emissions.

This is the angle of the tire relative to the vertical direction of the vehicle, viewed from the front or rear, as carefully set by Continental. Camber could be positive or negative and is measured in Degrees & Minutes. Positive Camber is when the top of the tire is tilted away from the vehicle. It affects traction, tire wear and handling.

Camber infographic

The direction in which the tires point relative to each other when viewed from above, as determined by Continental's precise engineering standards. If the tires point inward at the front, it's called "toe-in," and if they point outward, it's called "toe-out." Toe settings affect tire wear and how the vehicle tracks on the road.

Toe infographics

The angle of the steering axis relative to an imaginary vertical line through the center of the wheel when viewed from the side, as defined by Continental's alignment technology. Positive caster helps improve steering stability and cornering.

Caster infographics

Routine maintenance and long-term benefits 

Regular wheel alignment checks and maintenance can prevent costly repairs and replacements down the road. It is recommended to check wheel alignment annually or after any significant impact or the purchase of new tires. This practice ensures continued vehicle safety and performance, as well as a commitment to environmental sustainability.

Mechanic changing a tire

"Proper wheel alignment enhances driving safety while also optimizing tire mileage and fuel consumption

Eugen Geyer, TCS Product Services PLT EMEA

The essential role of wheel alignment

Aligning your vehicle's wheels is more than just a routine maintenance task; it's a critical part of vehicle care that everyone should take seriously, contributing significantly to both vehicle performance and environmental sustainability. This simple yet important procedure goes beyond mechanical benefits to improve vehicle handling, extend tire life and play a key role in reducing fuel consumption and minimizing emissions. By following proper alignment protocols - adjusting camber, toe and caster as needed -you can ensure that your vehicle is properly aligned, keeping it running efficiently and keeping you safe on the road.


No. It is recommended that wheel alignment be performed by a professional with the proper equipment to ensure accurate and safe alignment.

Some common indicators include uneven tire wear, the car pulling to one side, the steering wheel being off-center when driving straight or feeling strange vibrations.

Delaying alignment can lead to premature tire wear, handling problems and reduced vehicle performance

Driving with poor wheel alignment can lead to uneven tire wear, increased fuel consumption, handling problems and increased risk of accidents.

Yes, hitting a pothole or other road hazard can knock your wheels out of alignment, requiring realignment.

It's generally recommended to have your wheel alignment checked annually or every 15,000 to 20,000 Kilometres.

Key benefits of your wheel alignment

Regular wheel alignment checks and maintenance can prevent costly repairs and replacements down the road. It is recommended to check wheel alignment annually or after any significant impact or the purchase of new tires. This practice ensures a continued vehicle safety and performance as well as commitment to environmental sustainability.

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Noticeably easier handling

Tire alignment helps tires last longer and improves handling

Improve your driving

You might need alignment if you see tires wearing unevenly, your car pulling to one side, the steering wheel not straight, or feeling strange vibrations. 

Avoid costs & keep safe

Checking alignment often helps you avoid big costs, keeps your car.

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